Specific Themes for Future Resuscitation Education Research
Basic Life Support Training
CPR instruction methods
  • Determine the impact of short, video-based practice on long-term CPR performance as well as patient outcomes
  • Determine the optimal design of these short courses
AED training methods
  • Define the optimal instructional strategies and retraining intervals, including the methods of retraining, to improve performance and self-efficacy
CPR feedback/prompt devices in training
  • Determine the impact of CPR feedback devices on future (long-term) performance of CPR
  • Explore the additional or reduced costs of training with feedback devices
Retraining intervals for basic life support
  • Determine the ideal frequency of retraining required to enhance retention of skills and performance in simulated and real resuscitations
  • Assess if real resuscitation events, coupled with appropriate feedback and/or assessment, can serve as an adjunct or replacement for more frequent retraining
Compression-only CPR training in communities
  • Define the optimal community bystander CPR training strategy based on cultural and local variables
CPR training in resource-limited environments
  • Determine the optimal method of low-cost instruction while enhancing learning and patient outcomes
CPR for high-risk populations
  • Determine which populations are best suited for targeted training, including the cost-effectiveness of this intervention
Advanced Life Support Training
Precourse preparation
  • Determine the content, timing, and importance of precourse preparation for various life support courses on learning outcomes
Team and leadership training
  • Determine the optimal methodology (ie, instructional design), frequency, and context of team and leadership training for acquisition and retention of key resuscitation skills
  • Define how individual leadership and team skills influence and/or relate to specific clinical performance metrics during resuscitation
Manikin fidelity
  • Determine the relative impact of different types of manikin fidelity (physical, emotional, conceptual) on learning, performance, and real clinical outcomes
  • Determine which aspects of manikin fidelity are important for achieving improved learning outcomes for specific objectives (eg, technical versus cognitive versus behavioral)
Training intervals
  • Determine the ideal methodology (ie, instructional design) and frequency of retraining required to enhance retention of skills and performance in simulated and real resuscitations
  • Assess if real resuscitation events, coupled with appropriate feedback and/or assessment, can serve as an adjunct or replacement for more frequent retraining
Other Topics
Repetitive practice/mastery learning
  • Determine how repetitive practice and mastery learning can be applied to enhance the acquisition and retention of the various critical resuscitation competencies
Briefing/debriefing
  • Determine how the various aspects of briefing (eg, content, duration) influence learning outcomes from simulation-based resuscitation education
  • Determine how various aspects of debriefing (eg, duration, method, framework, facilitator, use of video) can be tailored to improve the quality of simulation-based resuscitation education
Data-informed feedback
  • Determine the value of data-informed feedback (eg, quantitative CPR data, video review) during advanced life support courses
Blended learning
  • Determine how different learning methods and models (eg, screen-based learning, mastery learning, high-fidelity simulation) can be blended to enhance learning and patient outcomes
Instructor training and competencies
  • Determine the key instructor competencies that influence positive learning outcomes
  • Determine the optimal means of coaching, training, and assessing instructors
AED indicates automated external defibrillator; and CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation.