Types of Food Representing 20 g of Carbohydrates and Number of People With Improvement in Hypoglycemia Within 15 Minutes (Based on Included Evidence)1
Type of Food or Fluid Carbohydrates/Serving Measure Representing 20 g Carbohydrates* Clinical Relief 15 min or Less After Ingestion
Glucose tablets Varies Varies 194/223 (87.0%)
Glucose 71%/oligosaccharides 29% candy (Mentos) 2.8 g/mint 5–10 mints 44/48 (91.7%)
Sucrose candy (Skittles) 0.9 g/candy 20–25 candies 150/177 (84.7%)
Jelly beans 1.1 g/jelly bean 15–20 jelly beans 33/45 (73.3%)
Orange juice (unsweetened, from concentrate) 1 g/10 mL 200 mL 35/50 (70.0%)
Fructose (fruit leather, such as Stretch Island) 10 g/strip 2 strips 111/165 (67.3%)
Whole milk 21.75 g/mL 435 mL Not reported
*These measurements may differ from those in the evaluated studies, as the amount was not standardized across studies.


  1. Singletary EM, Zideman DA, De Buck EDJ, Chang WT, Jensen JL, Swain JM, Woodin JA, Blanchard IE, Herrington RA, Pellegrino JL, Hood NA, Lojero-Wheatley LF, Markenson DS, Yang HJ; on behalf of the First Aid Chapter Collaborators. Part 9: first aid: 2015 International Consensus on First Aid Science With Treatment Recommendations. Circulation. 2015;132(suppl 1):S269–S311. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000278.